عنوان مقاله [English]
This work outlines the effects of microstructure and grain size on surface roughness during the grinding process of carbon steel AISI 1045. According to this study, it is evinced that the obtained surface roughness after the
grinding process is concerned with the microstructure and hardness of the initial surface. Different samples with different microstructures and three various levels of grain size (fine, median and coarse) have been prepared
through specific heat treatment. After finishing the grinding operation, the surface roughness (Ra and Rz) was measured. A considerable relationship was found between the surface roughness and microstructures of samples.
Furthermore, there was a relation between surface roughness and initial hardness. An increase in initial surface hardness of the material led to a decrease in surface roughness, but this relation in super hard materials was
different. Surface roughness decreased after a critical initial hardness. In fact, surface roughness rose by increasing initial hardness, and, after that, there was a drastic reduction. Meanwhile, surface roughness was investigated for fine, median and coarse grain materials. The amount of surface roughness in fine grain materials was more than coarse grain materials. The surface roughness was improved by an increase in the grain size of microstructures.
Another factor, which is focused upon in this paper, is an investigation of the relationship between the direction of the grinding operation and the orientation of grains in rolled materials. It was found that grinding in the
same direction as elongated grains resulted in improved surface roughness, and grinding perpendicular to the elongated grains led to a decrease in surface roughness. As a result, it can be achievable to acquire a desired surface roughness by identifying microstructure type, initial hardness and grain size of materials correctly. Furthermore, it is important to note the grain direction of rolled material during the grinding process. Finally, one must be careful to observe that achieving ideal surface roughness does not result in a serious change in microstructure.